Best Exercises for Urinary Incontinence

Best Exercises for Urinary Incontinence
 - Hyderabad


Hyderabad   |   20 Nov 2023

Urinary incontinence, a common issue affecting millions of people, can be a source of embarrassment and discomfort. While it's important to consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance, incorporating specific exercises into your routine can significantly help manage and improve urinary incontinence. 

An overactive bladder (OAB) is a common urological condition that can significantly impact a person's quality of life. It's essential to comprehend the causes, symptoms, and management strategies for OAB to address this condition effectively. In this article, we delve into the world of overactive bladders to help you understand and manage this often challenging issue with the 7 best exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles and gain control over the bladder.

Overactive Bladder

An overactive bladder is characterized by a sudden and uncontrollable urge to urinate, often resulting in frequent trips to the restroom. This condition is associated with an increased frequency of urination during the day and night, as well as occasional urine leakage (urge incontinence). It usually affects people of all ages but is more common in adults and pregnant women.

Causes of Overactive Bladder

The exact cause of OAB can vary from person to person, but several factors may contribute to its development:

  • Muscle Dysfunction: A primary cause of OAB is abnormal bladder muscle contractions. The muscles in the bladder may contract involuntarily, leading to a sudden urge to urinate.
  • Nerve Problems: Conditions that affect the nerves controlling the bladder, such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or spinal cord injuries, can lead to OAB symptoms.
  • Infections and Inflammation: Urinary tract infections and bladder inflammation can irritate the bladder and result in OAB symptoms.
  • Medications: Certain medications, like diuretics or those that affect nerve function, can contribute to OAB symptoms as a side effect.

Symptoms of Overactive Bladder

The symptoms of OAB are often distressing and can include:

  • Urgency: A sudden, strong urge to urinate that is difficult to control.
  • Frequency: Having to urinate more than eight times a day and often waking up at night to do so.
  • Urge Incontinence: Involuntary urine leakage after feeling a strong urge to urinate.

Managing Overactive Bladder

Fortunately, there are numerous ways to manage and alleviate the symptoms of an overactive bladder:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Simple changes, such as reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, maintaining a healthy weight, and staying hydrated, can make a significant difference.
  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Kegel exercises can strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which can help improve bladder control.
  • Medications: Several prescription medications can relax the bladder muscles or calm overactive nerves to reduce OAB symptoms.
  • Bladder Training: This involves scheduling bathroom visits at specific intervals and gradually increasing the time between them to help regain control over your bladder.
  • Nerve Stimulation: Techniques like sacral neuromodulation or Botox injections can be used to regulate bladder function.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgical procedures may be considered, including bladder enlargement or removal.

Overactive bladder is a treatable condition, and there are multiple strategies available to manage its symptoms. If you suspect you have OAB, it's crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. With the right approach, you can regain control of your bladder and lead a more comfortable, fulfilling life.

Empower Your Pelvic Floor: 7 Best Exercises for urinary incontinence

Here is a list of some effective at-home exercises for urine incontinence. 

  • Kegel Exercises: Kegel exercises are renowned for effectively combating urinary incontinence. They target the pelvic floor muscles responsible for controlling your bladder. Method for Kegel exercises: Squeeze the pelvic floor muscles as if trying to stop the urine. Hold for a few seconds, then release. Aim for 10-15 repetitions, a few times a day, gradually increasing the duration of each hold.
  • Pelvic Tilts: Pelvic tilts strengthen the lower back and abdominal muscles, which play a crucial role in supporting the bladder in a supine lying position with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Slowly lift your pelvis off the ground, tightening your buttocks and lower abdomen, and then lower it back down. Aim for 5 to 10 reps initially and gradually increase the count to improve your strength.
  • Bridge Pose: The bridge pose is a yoga-inspired exercise that engages the pelvic floor, glutes, and lower back. In a supine position with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Lift your hips off the ground, creating a straight line from your shoulders to your knees. Hold for 10 seconds before lowering back. Perform 15-20 repetitions.
  • Squats: Squats are excellent for strengthening the pelvic region. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, and slowly lower your body as if you're sitting in a chair. Align your back straight and knees straight to your toes. Aim for 5-10 squats per set, gradually increasing the count as you become more comfortable.
  • Step-Ups: Step-ups allow you to engage your pelvic floor while improving leg strength. Find a sturdy platform or step, and step up with one foot, then the other. Alternate your leading foot and aim for 10-15 step-ups on each leg.
  • Diaphragmatic Breathing: Deep breathing exercises can help with relaxation and reduce stress, which can exacerbate urinary incontinence. Practice diaphragmatic breathing by inhaling deeply through your nose, allowing your abdomen to rise, and exhaling slowly through your mouth. Repeat this exercise for a few minutes each day.
  • Modified Planks: Planks strengthen the core muscles and indirectly support the pelvic floor. Start with a modified plank on your knees, keeping your body in a straight line from head to knees. Hold this position for 20-30 seconds and gradually increase the duration as you build strength.


Incorporating these exercises into your daily routine can be a proactive step in managing urinary incontinence. Remember to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new exercise program, as they can provide guidance tailored to your needs. With dedication and consistency, you can regain control of your pelvic floor muscles and enjoy a better quality of life, free from the constraints of urinary incontinence.

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