Duodenoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes involving the upper gastrointestinal tract and the duodenum in particular.
Duodenoscopy is done as an elective procedure.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy may be of the following types:
The indications for duodenoscopy include the following:
Some contraindications for duodenoscopy may include the following:
Some investigations that may be done before the procedure may include:
Before duodenoscopy, the following may be done:
Duration: Duodenoscopy may last between 1-4 hours depending on the procedure that is being done.
Anesthesia: The procedure is usually done under conscious sedation or topical anesthesia, general anesthesia may be required in uncooperative individuals.
After sedation is achieved and with the individual lying on his/her left side. An antispasmodic agent such as hyoscine is given to prevent the movement of the gi tract a bite block is placed in the mouth to prevent the individual from biting on the endoscope equipment. The tip of the endoscope is lubricated and under visual guidance, the endoscope is passed through the mouth, over the tongue into the oropharynx, down the esophagus, and through the stomach into the duodenum to examine its first and second parts. Insufflation is done to aid in viewing. Any liquids or solids that are present are suctioned. The procedure and the findings of the examination are recorded for further review and records, via a camera that is attached to the endoscope. Based on the procedure that is being performed other instruments such as forceps, snares, injecting needles, stent deployment units, laser units, ablation units, electrocautery units are advanced over guidewires and the required procedures are completed. The endoscope is then retracted out from the mouth.
After duodenoscopy, the following is done:
Common post-procedure occurrences:
Discharge: Usually on the same day depending on the procedure that is done.
Medication: Mild analgesics and antibiotics may be prescribed.
Review: Usually on day 5 or 7 after the procedure.
Resumption of normal activities: Usually with some restrictions on the 2ndpostoperative day.
Some measures that may need to be taken after duodenoscopy may include:
Some complications that may be seen after a duodenoscopy include:
The prognosis for duodenoscopy depends on the underlying conditions for which it is being done. Duodenoscopy is generally a safe procedure with severe complications being few.
Hospitalization is not required for duodenoscopy, but brief hospitalization may be required for some procedures.
Duodenoscopy is performed by specialists from the department of interventional endoscopy, and gastroenterology.